US Representatives are elected to a two-year term to serve the people in a specific district. The number of representatives per state is proportionate to its population. The number of representatives is 435, a number that has been in effect since 1913. The 2016 House Race will have a significant impact on what direction the US moves in the next few years.
2016 House Race
Elections for the U.S. House of Representatives Race will be held on November 8th, 2016. All seats are up for election and there will be four special elections to fill vacancies that occurred during the 114th Congress due to resignations and death: Michael Grimm, from New York’s 11th District, resigned after pleading guilty to felony tax evasion; Aaron Schock, from Illinois’ 18th District, resigned following inquiries into misuse of campaign and government funds; and Alan Nunnelee, from Mississippi’s 1st District, died from brain cancer. Most significantly, Speaker of the House John Boehner resigned October, 2015. Ohio Governor John Kasich announced a special election to replace him will take place on June 7, 2016. A primary took place on March 15, 2016, the same time as Ohio’s presidential primary.
How Can the Democrats Win The 2016 House Race?
In order to take control of the House, the Democratic Party would need to pick up 30 seats, an historically impossible task. Presidential elections often result in smaller changes to House partisan balance than midterms. The last two presidential elections saw gains of only 8 and 24 seats for Democrats. While it is unlikely that the Democratic Party will be able to gain control of the chamber in this election cycle, Democrats can still reduce the majority that the Republican Party holds. Republicans currently hold their largest majority in the U.S. House since 1928.
The 2016 Presidential Election Will Impact the House of Representatives Race
This year’s presidential election is likely to have a significant impact on the elections for U.S. House. Presidential election years increase voter interest and turnout, which has an effect all the way down the ballot. In the past decade, presidential elections have led to Democratic gains in the U.S. House, while midterms have helped Republicans. If the trend holds, Democrats should pick up some seats in November.
Because of this, 9 of the 11 “toss up” races feature Republican incumbents. Both Democratic seats are open seats. Ann Kirkpatrick, from Arizona’s 1st District, is challenging John McCain’s Senate seat, while Patrick Murphy, of Florida’s 18th District, is vying for Marco Rubio’s vacated Senate seat. Republican Joe Heck, from Nevada’s 3rd District, is running for Harry Reid’s vacated Senate seat. The Republican incumbents in toss ups are Carlos Curbelo (Florida 26), Robert Dold (Illinois 10), David Young (Iowa 3), Bruce Poliquin (Maine 2), Frank Guinta (New Hampshire 1), John Katko (New York 24), Will Hurd (Texas 23) and Reid Ribble (Wisconsin 8).
Photo (crop): Obama Health Care Speech to Joint Session of Congress by User:Gage is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0